Limb lengthening and complex reconstruction of bone materials are today performed successfully by surgical intervention. Limb lengthening and reconstruction techniques are used to replace missing bone and lengthen and/ or straighten deformed bone segments. The limb lengthening and deformity correction process works on the principle of distraction. This is a revolutionary concept that reverses the long-held belief that bone cannot be regenerated. In this process, a bone that has been cut during surgery can be gradually distracted (pulled apart), leading to new bone formation, or osteogenesis, at the site of the lengthening. In this way, bone segments can be lengthened by 15% to 100% of their original length.

While lengthening or correcting a deformed limb, the principle that is based on is distraction osteogenesis. During this process, a bone that has been cut surgically is gradually distracted (pulled apart), leading to a new bone formation (osteogenesis) at the spot that has been lengthened. This technique is most frequently used to correct limb length discrepancies (LLDs) in both adults and children which may arise either due to birth defects, diseases or injuries. This method is also used to correct deformities in other joints, hip correction and treating complex problems concerning scar tissue that limits normal limb function and movement. Highly trained orthopaedic surgeons have an extensive knowledge and experience in correcting LLDs by utilizing the full range of techniques that include the Ilizarov and Taylor Spatial Frames and intramedullary nailing techniques.

Advantages: Limb lengthening surgeries successfully offer appropriate posture, gait and quality of life for patients born with limb length defects.