Hypertension, or High blood pressure, occurs when your blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. Your blood pressure measurement takes into account how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping.

You can have high blood pressure for years without any symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. And once you know you have high blood pressure, you can work with your doctor to control it.


A person who suffers from hypertension may witness the following symptoms:

  • - Blood clots in the eyes area.
  • - Sudden Dizziness.
  • - Loss of balance and difficulty in walking.
  • - Facial flushing.

Causes and Risk Factors of Hypertension
The following can increase your chances of developing high blood pressure.
  • - Older age
  • - Race
  • - Family history
  • - Being overweight
  • - Lack of physical activity
  • - Tobacco use
  • - Dietary choices
  • - Alcohol consumption
  • - Stress
  • - Chronic conditions
  • - Pregnancy

How Is High Blood Pressure Treated?
If high blood pressure is due to a condition like kidney disease or lung disease, treating it might be enough to get the blood pressure back to normal.
Doctors also might recommend lifestyle changes. If you have hypertension, your doctor might want you to:
Eat a healthy diet:

  • - Eat more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy.
  • - Limit salt.
  • - Avoid caffeine (found in sodas, tea, coffee, and energy drinks).
  • - Avoid alcohol.
Get regular exercise:
  • Try to exercise for 30–60 minutes at least 3 times a week. But teens with severe hypertension should not do any weightlifting or power-lifting, bodybuilding, or strength training until their blood pressure is under control and a doctor says it's OK.
Not smoke. Or if you do smoke, quit:
  • People with high blood pressure should not smoke, and their home and car should be smoke-free.

If diet and exercise changes do not improve the blood pressure, doctors may prescribe medicine.