Diabetes happens when your body isn't able to take up sugar (glucose) into its cells and use it for energy. This results in a build up of extra sugar in your bloodstream.
Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to serious consequences, causing damage to a wide range of your body's organs and tissues – including your heart, kidneys, eyes and nerves.
There are a few different types of diabetes:
- • Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s unclear what causes this attack. About 10 percent of people with diabetes have this type.
- • Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin, and sugar builds up in your blood.
- • Prediabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
- • Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar during pregnancy. Insulin-blocking hormones produced by the placenta cause this type of diabetes.
What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Symptoms of diabetes include:
- - Increased thirst.
- - Weak, tired feeling.
- - Blurred vision.
- - Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet.
- - Slow-healing sores or cuts.
- - Unplanned weight loss.
- - Frequent urination.
- - Frequent unexplained infections.
- - Dry mouth.
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